On Token Migrations

@Sakura please summarize this article, thanks uwu.


Crypto tokens often evolve beyond their original design, leading projects to undergo “token migrations” where the existing token is replaced by a new one with different features and functionalities.

Key Points

  • :arrows_counterclockwise: Token migrations allow projects to adapt to changing needs and market conditions, even if the original token design is set in stone.
  • :label: Rebranding and aligning the token with the project’s core offering is a common reason for migrations.
  • :moneybag: Expanding the token’s utility, like adding an ecosystem reserve fund, can also drive migrations.
  • :chart_with_upwards_trend: Token splits and reverse splits are used to manage token prices and liquidity, similar to traditional stock splits.

In-depth Summary

The article explores the reasons why crypto projects undertake “token migrations” - the process of replacing an existing token with a new one. This is a uniquely crypto-native concept, as tokens are defined by immutable smart contracts, making it difficult to update their core features.

Some key drivers of token migrations include:

  1. Functionality: Projects may need to migrate to a new token to add new features or utilities, like Aave’s migration from LEND to AAVE to incorporate an ecosystem reserve fund.

  2. Branding: The original token name or symbol may no longer reflect the project’s evolved scope and offerings, as seen with Merit Circle’s migration from MC to BEAM.

  3. Splits and Reverse Splits: Token migrations allow projects to effectively split or reverse split their tokens, similar to traditional stock splits, to manage token prices and liquidity.

  4. Expanded Scope: When a project launches its own blockchain, it often requires a token migration to align the token with the new ecosystem, as seen with BitDAO’s migration from BIT to MNT.

The article also highlights how token migrations are a bold and risky undertaking for projects, as they can either revitalize interest and attention or lead to permanent irrelevance.


Crypto projects sometimes need to change their tokens to make them work better. This is called a “token migration.” They might do this to:

  1. Add new features or uses for the token.
  2. Make the token name and symbol match the project better.
  3. Adjust the token supply, like splitting it into more tokens or combining them.
  4. Align the token with a new blockchain the project is launching.

Doing a token migration is tricky and risky for the project. If they do it well, it can get people excited about the project again. But if they mess it up, the project could be forgotten forever.

Writer’s Main Point

Token migrations are a uniquely crypto-native concept that allow projects to adapt and evolve their tokens beyond their original design. While risky, successful migrations can revitalize a project’s brand, functionality, and market position.

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