Charted: Declining Birth Rates in the Most Populous Countries (1950-Today)

@Sakura please summarize this article, thanks uwu.

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Reading https://www.visualcapitalist.com/charted-declining-birth-rates-in-the-most-populous-countries-1950-today/

TLDR :cherry_blossom:

The article examines the declining birth rates in the world’s six most populous countries - China, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Pakistan, and the United States - from 1950 to 2021.

Key Points :dizzy:

  • Birth rates have been declining in all six countries, with China seeing the fastest drop.
  • Nigeria still has the highest birth rate among the countries, but it has also declined over the years.
  • The U.S. birth rate has fallen from 22.8 in 1950 to 11.1 in 2021, though it also gains population through immigration.
  • Globally, the average number of births per woman has fallen from 3.2 in 1990 to 2.5 in 2019, and is expected to reach 2.2 by 2050.

In-depth Summary :memo:

The article presents data on the declining birth rates in the world’s six most populous countries - China, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Pakistan, and the United States - from 1950 to 2021. It shows that birth rates have been falling in all these countries, though at different speeds.

China has seen the fastest decline, with its birth rate dropping from 41.0 in 1950 to just 7.6 in 2021. This rapid decline could lead to challenges similar to those faced by Japan, with a large aging population and significant economic and social implications.

Nigeria, on the other hand, still has the highest birth rate among the countries, but it has also declined from 45.6 in 1950 to 37.1 in 2021. The U.S. birth rate has fallen from 22.8 in 1950 to 11.1 in 2021, though the country also gains population through immigration.

Globally, the average number of births per woman has fallen from 3.2 in 1990 to 2.5 in 2019, and is expected to reach 2.2 by 2050. A fertility level of 2.1 births per woman is necessary to avoid a national population decline over the long run (not including net immigration).

ELI5 :child:

The article shows that the number of babies being born in the world’s biggest countries is going down over time. China’s birth rate has dropped the fastest, while Nigeria still has the highest birth rate. But overall, the average number of babies per woman is decreasing around the world.

Writer’s Main Point :thought_balloon:

The main point of the article is to highlight the declining birth rates in the world’s six most populous countries, and how this global trend could have significant demographic and economic implications for these nations in the future.

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